Microorganism Test - Bacteria, Viruses, Protists, and Fungi
1. Is a virus living or non-living? Does the the classification system include viruses? How would you physically describe a virus? What does it contain? 2. Bacteriophages are vectors in which form of genetic variability? transformation, transduction, or conjugation? What is the transformation process? What is transduction? How does transduction occur? How does conjugation occur? 3. How does a virus infect a cell? What does it inject? How does it get attached? 4. What is the difference in the lysogenic cycle & the lytic cycle? 5. What is an emerging virus? Why are they most likely caused by RNA? 6. Define transformation, transduction, conjugation, and infection. 7. Which of the above was the basis of Griffith's experiment with pneumonia and mice? 8. How does variation occur in bacteria when it is asexual? 9. What does gram-positive mean? facultative anaerobe? commensalism? 10. What does heterotroph mean? autotroph? chemicalhetertroph? photo? anaerobic? aerobic? 11. Figure out a relationship scenario. (#9 and 10 info) 12. What is an endospore? 13. What are archaea? types? 14. How did photosynthetic cyanobacteria evolve to become chloroplasts? 15. What is the lysogenic cycle? 16. What is the lytic cycle? 17. What is a prophage? what does latent mean? What is the viral envelope? What is a plasmid? 18. Latent meaning? 19. How does a retrovirus work? 20. What is the difference between the lytic and lysogenic cycle? 21. Are protists - USUALLY - unicellular or mutlicellular; heterotroph or autotroph? stationary or motile? eukaryotic or prokaryotic? 22. Figure out common ancestor based on traits. 23. Look up a "cyst" for protist. What is it's purpose? 24. What does hypertonic, isotonic, and hypotonic mean to an organism? What type of places do protists usually live in? where do they mostly live? What is the purpose of the contractile vacuole? 25. Same as 24 26. How do fungi acquire nutrition? 27. Know your fungal diseases. 28. Figure out relationships. 29. What is the relationship between fungi and plants? 30. same. How does this work? What is the fungi role in this mutualistic relationship? 31. How do fungi go from 2n to n? 32. What are spores?